A number of different ‘races’ of the Varied Sitella occur across Australia. Populations of the same or a very similar species also occur in the mountains of New Guinea. Sitellas are small ‘bark gleaners’, which more often then not work down or towards a trunk. Sitellas live in small groups and nest cooperatively with a number of related adult birds helping to look after the eggs of one female. The family Neosittidae is unique to Australia and New Guinea and two (maybe three) species are known. Birds filmed here are of the ‘nominate race’ from southeastern Australia, filmed in Canberra. In the Canberra region it is found in open woodland and is probably declining.